I would like to start with a question:
Why is faith made as the basis and primary pillar of religion?
It may come to the minds of some people, especially in this modern age when concrete and visible things are given remarkable consideration, that apparent good deeds like charity, good treatment of people and fighting for the sake of Allah should be given preference to faith. Hence, why Allah gave such a sublime position to an inner thing although we evaluate people by the activities they undertake in our sensible world not by the concepts they have in their hearts or consciences.
To briefly answer the above question, we can say that inner beliefs are given more weight over visible actions because the former is the basis for and the source of the latter. Any apparent act whether good or bad has an inner basis. This is a fact that every person knows about himself. Had he known the inner feelings of others as he knew his, his evaluation of their deeds would have been based on the inner basis not the outer appearance. Imagine that someone has given you a valuable present but you heard him say inside his heart: “You do not deserve it or even less than it. Had it not been for a better present I am expecting from you in consideration of this present, I would not have given it to you. Read More